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Effect of Wax-Like Substances Treatment on Storage of Apple Fruits

Krivorot, A.M., Martsynkevich, D.I.
Acta horticulturae 2010 no.877 pp. 877-880
Malus domestica, Phragmites australis, Potentilla, apples, cold storage, cultivars, edible films, food packaging, food storage, fruit growing, fruit quality, fruits, peat, plant extracts, postharvest diseases, postharvest losses, postharvest treatment, shelf life, storage time, weight loss
The research was carried out at the Storage and Processing Department of the Institute for Fruit Growing of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus during the period from 2001 till 2004. The influence of afterharvest treatment of fruits with different kinds of wax-like substances on keeping characteristics of apples (Malus xdomestica) of Belarusian cultivars was studied. Extracts of reed peat, Phragmites communis and Рotentilla palustris were used as wax-like substances; and untreated fruits were used as control in the experiment. Treating fruits with reed peat, Phragmites and Potentilla extracts has a positive influence on fruit keeping characteristics in cold storage. It reduces natural loss of mass, increases commodity output, decreases the spread of physiological disorders and microbiological diseases of apples. According to apple fruits keeping characteristics during long-time storage reed peat and Phragmites extracts have the highest effect. Рotentilla extract yields a bit to the above mentioned extracts. The apple cultivar factor has more influence on the change of shelf life characteristics in comparison with the extract processing factor.