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Effect of reproductive state on active dispersal in Triatoma infestans (Klug, 1834) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) susceptible and resistant to deltamethrin

Lobbia, P.A., Rodríguez, C., Mougabure-Cueto, G.
Acta tropica 2019 v.196 pp. 7-14
Chagas disease, Triatoma infestans, deltamethrin, evolution, insecticide resistance, insects, phenotype, virgin females, Argentina
Triatoma infestans (Klug, 1834) is the main vector of the Chagas´ disease in Argentina. The presence of insects in the domestic environment after application of pyrethroid insecticides was reported. The colonization and the evolution of insecticide resistance are processes that can explain these control failures. In both processes, the active dispersal of insects is a determining factor. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the reproductive state modulate the dispersal capacity of females of T. infestans susceptible and resistant to deltamethrin. For this, different variables associated with active dispersal were measured in virgin and copulated females both susceptible and resistant to deltamethrin. The experimental arena was 10 m long and contained two shelters. Groups of 12 females of each experimental group were released in one of the shelters and were able to move during 3 days/nights. The results showed that the females mainly dispersed by walking regardless of the reproductive state and the toxicological phenotype. On the other hand, the copula affected the posterior dispersal capacity in females susceptible and resistant to deltamethrin. The copulated females dispersed more times, leaved more times from the shelters and showed a higher proportion of dispersed individuals than the virgin females. Finally, the insecticide resistance reduced the dispersal capacity of females. The resistant insects showed lower number of dispersal events, a lower proportion of dispersed individuals, and lower exit and entry events from/to shelter than susceptible insects. This is the first report of the effect of copula on the capacity of active dispersion in vectors of Chagas disease susceptible and resistant to insecticides.