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Long non-coding RNA MNX1-AS1 promotes hepatocellular carcinoma proliferation and invasion through targeting miR-218-5p/COMMD8 axis

Ji, Degang, Wang, Yue, Sun, Baozhen, Yang, Jinghui, Luo, Xiao
Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2019 v.513 no.3 pp. 669-674
carcinogenesis, cell lines, hepatoma, loss-of-function mutation, lung neoplasms, metastasis, non-coding RNA, ovarian neoplasms, prognosis, tissues, uterine cervical neoplasms
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in tumorigenesis. Previously, lncRNA MNX1-AS1 was reported to increase the malignancy of ovarian cancer, cervical cancer and lung cancer. However, the potential function of MNX1-AS1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unclear. In this study, we found that MNX1-AS1 was remarkably upregulated in HCC tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, MNX1-AS1 overexpression was related to advanced stage and metastasis, and predicted poor prognosis. Loss-of-function assays showed that MNX1-AS1 knockdown suppressed the proliferation, migration and invasion of HCC cells in vitro. Further investigation indicated that MNX1-AS1 silencing delayed HCC growth in vivo. Mechanistically, we identified that MNX1-AS1 was a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for miR-218-5p. We demonstrated that MNX1-AS1 promoted COMMD8 expression through sponging miR-218-5p, and then contributed to HCC progression. Restoration of COMMD8 significantly reversed the effects of MNX1-AS1 knockdown. Taken together, our findings demonstrated that MNX1-AS1 promoted the malignant properties of HCC through targeting miR-218-5p/COMMD8 pathway.