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Antioxidative effect of melatonin on cryopreserved chicken semen

Appiah, Michael Osei, He, Beibei, Lu, Wenfa, Wang, Jun
Cryobiology 2019 v.89 pp. 90-95
acrosome, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, catalase, cryopreservation, freeze-thaw cycles, glutathione peroxidase, melatonin, oxidative stress, plasma membrane, roosters, semen, sperm motility, sperm quality, superoxide dismutase
This is a unique study because is the first time we are adding melatonin into an extender in order to determine its influence on cryopreserved chicken semen. The primary focus of our present study was to evaluate the influence of different concentrations of Melatonin on cryopreserved chicken semen. Semen samples were allocated into four treatments, being one control and three different combinations of antioxidants and after the freeze-thaw operation, the sperm motility, plasma membrane integrity, acrosome integrity, endogenous enzymes (GSH-Px, CAT, SOD), MDA and ROS of chicken spermatozoa were all evaluated. The collection of the semen samples was from 40 Arbor Acre roosters and this procedure was repeated twice a week and then mixed in an extender that contained different MEL treatments as follows: a diluent without MEL (control, M 0), a diluent comprising 0.125 mg/mL (M 0.125) 0.25 mg/mL, (M 0.25) and 0.5 mg/mL (M 0.5). It was revealed that the supplementation of the base extender with an optimal 0.25 mg/mL MEL led to a higher significant difference in the motility of chicken sperm (P < 0.01), higher acrosome integrity (P < 0.05) and a higher plasma membrane integrity (P < 0.01) when compared to the control group at post-thaw. Furthermore, when compared to the control group, 0.25 mg/mL MEL addition into the extender significantly enhanced the activity of endogenous enzymes (GSH-Px, CAT, and SOD) in the chicken spermatozoa at post-thaw (P < 0.05). Moreover, 0.5 mg/mL MEL supplementation into the extender enhanced the GSH-Px activity in the chicken spermatozoa when compared with the control group (P < 0.05) at post-thaw. In contrast, the addition of 0.25 mg/mL MEL into the extender resulted in a significantly lower MDA in comparison to the 0.125 mg/mL, 0.5 mg/mL MEL treatment group and the control group (P < 0.05). Also, compared to the control group, MEL concentration of 0.125 mg/mL and 0.5 mg/mL MEL into the extender resulted in a significantly low ROS concentration (P < 0.05) but the addition of 0.25 mg/mL MEL concentration resulted in a significantly lower ROS level when compared to the control group (P < 0.01). In summary, MEL improved the quality of cryopreserved chicken sperm quality by decreasing oxidative stress level and the most optimal concentration was 0.25 mg/mL.