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Magnetic zirconium-based metal–organic frameworks for selective phosphate adsorption from water

Liu, Tao, Zheng, Shourong, Yang, Liuyan
Journal of colloid and interface science 2019 v.552 pp. 134-141
adsorbents, adsorption, anions, carbon, chlorides, coordination polymers, humic acids, iron oxides, magnetic fields, nitrates, pH, phosphates, sodium hydroxide, sorption isotherms, sulfates, temperature, zirconium
Although adsorbents can effectively remove phosphate from water, most are difficult to separate from water and their phosphate removal efficiencies are adversely affected by coexisting anions or humic acid. Here, a magnetic core–shell composite with Fe3O4 as the core and carbon as the shell (denoted as MFC) was functionalized with a metal–organic framework, UiO-66, and its phosphate adsorption ability was studied. The composite (denoted as MFC@UiO-66) was effectively separated from water within 1 min under an external magnetic field. The kinetics of phosphate adsorption onto MFC@UiO-66 was controlled by the intraparticle diffusion process, suggesting that the Zr in UiO-66 played an important role in phosphate adsorption. The isotherm for phosphate adsorption onto MFC@UiO-66 was well described by the Freundlich model. The adsorbent exhibited higher affinity toward phosphate than toward coexisting anions (e.g., Cl−, NO3−, and SO42−), reflecting high phosphate adsorption selectivity. The adsorption affinity of MFC@UiO-66 to phosphate increased with the increasing temperature, but decreased with increasing pH. The presence of dissolved humic acid negligibly affected phosphate adsorption onto MFC@UiO-66 because of its size-exclusion effects. The used adsorbent was easily regenerated with NaOH solution, and the sorbent displayed stable phosphate adsorption behavior after five regeneration cycles.