Main content area

Residual toxicity of a commercial cypermethrin formulation on grains against four major storage beetles

Gourgouta, Marina, Rumbos, Christos I., Athanassiou, Christos G.
Journal of stored products research 2019 v.83 pp. 103-109
Oryzaephilus surinamensis, Prostephanus truncatus, Rhyzopertha dominica, Sitophilus oryzae, adults, bioassays, corn, cypermethrin, insecticidal properties, mortality, progeny, storage time, stored grain, toxicity, wheat
In the present study, we investigated the residual insecticidal efficacy of a commercial cypermethrin formulation applied on grains (wheat, maize) against adults of Sitophilus oryzae (L.), Oryzaephilus surinamensis (L.), Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) and Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) in laboratory bioassays. The insecticide was applied in its label dose on the grains and a bioassay was initiated at the day of application and every month for four consecutive months (5 bioassays in total). In each bioassay, adult mortality levels were determined after exposure for 7, 14 and 21 d. After the final evaluation, all beetles (dead and alive) were removed and the number of offspring was assessed after an additional interval of 65 d. Based on our results, the application of the tested cypermethrin formulation as a grain protectant provided long-term protection against R. dominica and P. truncatus adults, as in most cases complete control was achieved for these two species, even after four months of storage of the treated commodities. In the case of S. oryzae and O. surinamensis, adult mortality did not reach 100% in any of the cases, moreover, a gradual decline of mortality levels was recorded over the 4-month period of storage. Finally, for S. oryzae and P. truncatus progeny production was notably suppressed by cypermethrin. Results show that the cypermethrin formulation tested could be a valuable tool for stored grain protection, however, factors such as the target species and the storage interval should be taken into consideration.