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Mitochondrial genomes of three kissing bugs (Reduviidae: Triatominae) and their phylogenetic implications

Zhao, Yisheng, Jiang, Manjie, Wu, Yunfei, Song, Fan, Cai, Wanzhi, Li, Hu
International journal of biological macromolecules 2019 v.134 pp. 36-42
Chagas disease, Panstrongylus, Rhodnius prolixus, Triatoma, gene order, genes, genomics, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, mitochondrial genome, nucleotide sequences, paraphyly
The reduviid subfamily Triatominae, also called kissing bugs, are vectors of Chagas disease, which is one of the most seriously neglected tropical parasitic diseases. Only three complete mitochondrial genomes of kissing bugs from the genus Triatoma have been sequenced to date. To better understand the diversity of mitochondrial genomes and the evolution of kissing bugs, mitochondrial genomes of three kissing bugs, Triatoma migrans, Panstrongylus rufotuberculatus, and Rhodnius pictipes, were sequenced using next-generation sequencing and a comparative mitochondrial genomic analysis of three genera and two tribes in Triatominae was conducted. Kissing bug mitochondrial genomes shared a similar pattern of nucleotide composition, gene order, and structure of control region. The comparison among orthologous protein-coding genes indicated that different genes had different rates of molecular evolution and six genes (ND1, ND2, ND4L, ND5, ND6, and ATP8) had higher evolutionary rates than other protein-coding genes. Phylogenetic analyses inferred from mitochondrial genome sequences supported a sister relationship between Triatominae and Stenopodainae, and the genus Triatoma was paraphyletic. The present study revealed the high conservation of the mitochondrial genome organization of kissing bugs and highlighted the utility of mitochondrial genomes in the phylogenetic study of Triatominae.