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Permeation, sorption, and diffusion of CO2-CH4 mixtures in polymers of intrinsic microporosity: The effect of intrachain rigidity on plasticization resistance

Genduso, Giuseppe, Wang, Yingge, Ghanem, Bader S., Pinnau, Ingo
Journal of membrane science 2019 v.584 pp. 100-109
artificial membranes, carbon dioxide, diffusivity, methane, permeability, polymers, solubility, sorption
CO2-CH4 mixed-gas sorption and permeation properties of a ladder polymer (PIM-Trip-TB) were measured experimentally at 35 °C to interpret nonideal transport behavior of polymers of intrinsic microporosity (PIMs). Both CH4 and CO2 mixed-gas solubilities were lower than those in the pure-gas environment mainly due to competitive sorption. In the range of pressures tested, the CO2/CH4 mixed-gas solubility selectivity of PIM-Trip-TB coincided on average with the value at infinite dilution, and at all pressures, it was higher than the pure-gas solubility selectivity. Because CO2 diffusion coefficient was found insensitive to mixture effects, we inferred that the increased diffusion coefficient of CH4 and the consequent loss of CO2/CH4 permselectivity in mixture environment were correlated to CO2-induced alteration of the selective diffusion domains of PIM-Trip-TB. Similar effects were also found for PIM-1 by an analysis of pure- and mixed-gas experimental permeation and sorption data. The increase of CH4 mixed-gas diffusion coefficients from the pure-gas values was more pronounced for both PIMs (PIM-Trip-TB and PIM-1) than for a conventional low-free volume polymer 6FDA-mPDA polyimide reported previously; this indicates that the high intrachain rigidity in PIMs cannot restrain unfavorable mixture effects on CO2/CH4 diffusion and permeability selectivity.