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Potential protective effects of Dapagliflozin in gentamicin induced nephrotoxicity rat model via modulation of apoptosis associated miRNAs

Mohamed, Doaa I., Khairy, Eman, Saad, Sherin S.T., Habib, Eman K., Hamouda, Mohamed A.
Gene 2019 v.707 pp. 198-204
animal models, apoptosis, biopsy, blood serum, gene expression regulation, gentamicin, histopathology, kidney diseases, kidneys, microRNA, nephrotoxicity, non-coding RNA, oxidative stress, protective effect, rats, renal function, signal transduction
Drug-induced kidney injury (DIKI) can be manifested with progressive chronic kidney diseases or end-stage renal diseases. Understanding the molecular disarrangements caused by DIKI is an attractive point of interest. A class of non-coding RNA called microRNAs (miRNAs) is known to play a major role in regulation of gene expression and signaling pathways making miRNAs excellent targets for new therapeutic agents.We aimed to investigate the role of miRNA 21 and 181a in gentamicin (GNT) induced nephrotoxicity rat model and the protective effect of Dapagliflozin (DAPA) in modulating their expression through studying its effect on renal function as well as renal histopathological changes.Wistar rats were used and divided into: naïve, DAPA, GNT and DAPA + GNT groups. In all studied groups, kidney function, oxidative stress, apoptosis markers and miRNAs' expression in serum and renal biopsies were investigated in addition to the histopathological studies to identify its early renoprotective effect.DAPA was found to improve kidney function, oxidative stress markers, decrease apoptosis of renal tubular cells and increase miR-21 but decrease the expression of miR-181a with restoration of the renal architecture after 14 days of treatment in GNT induced nephrotoxicity rat model.DAPA produced significant decrease in renal expression of miR-181a on the other hand it increased the expression of renal miR-21, this may introduce a novel early protective effect of DAPA against GNT-induced nephrotoxicity.