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The tri-pole relation among daily mean temperature, atmospheric moisture and precipitation intensity over China

Huang, Danqing, Yan, Peiwen, Xiao, Xiucheng, Zhu, Jian, Tang, Xiaowen, Huang, Anning, Cheng, Jing
Global and planetary change 2019 v.179 pp. 1-9
air, atmospheric precipitation, equations, seasonal variation, specific humidity, temperature, China
Governed by the Clausius-Clapeyron (CC) equation, daily mean temperature (Tm) and precipitation extremes would be theoretically linked by atmospheric moisture. However, precipitation extremes cannot systematically follow the CC rate of 7% per warming degree, due to moisture limitations. In this study, the observational tri-pole relation among Tm, atmospheric moisture and precipitation intensity over China have been investigated. The results indicate that atmospheric moisture (specific humidity and dew-point temperature) is positively correlated with Tm (precipitation) across four seasons at the interannual timescale. Particularly, the increase in precipitation extremes is accompanied by high atmospheric moisture, but is different in four seasons. In comparison, the year-to-year relation between Tm and atmospheric moisture is stronger than that between atmospheric moisture and precipitation. The atmospheric moisture has acted as a bridge linking Tm and precipitation extremes. Tm is highly correlated with precipitation extremes, while the relation also shows seasonal difference. The difference may be attributed to the negative scaling of daily precipitation extremes and precipitation efficiency (defined as the percentage of moisture in the air converting into precipitation) with Tm, when Tm exceeds ~25 °C.