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Reconstruction of potential evapotranspiration over western Himalaya in India based on tree ring-width records

Ram, Somaru, Singh, H.N., Yadav, Ramesh Kumar, Nandargi, S.S., Srivastava, Manoj K.
Quaternary international 2019
climate, dendrochronology, evapotranspiration, glaciers, heat, rain, shortwave radiation, spring, temperature, tree growth, trees, Himalayan region, India
Tree-ring chronologies from different sites of western Himalaya have been used in this study to examine the climate variability/change over the region. The 1st principal component (PC1) which has been computed by multi species tree ring chronologies of western Himalaya is negatively correlated with heat index (HT), temperature (TM) and potential evapotranspiration (PET) but positively with the rainfall of the region during spring season. However, HT and PET showed the stronger influence on tree growth than temperature which has been used to reconstruct the spring season PET back to A.D. 1779. The extended periods of low PET have been found at ending phase of Little Ice Age (LIA) during 1827–1845. The reconstructed PET showed that the advance of the glaciers over the western Himalaya might have influence on reduction of downward shortwave radiation on the earth's surface; which may in turn cause low temperature and low PET over the region. The result indicates that longer tree ring chronologies from the western Himalaya are very useful to get valuable information on PET and glacier fluctuation during the last few centuries. The highest PET in the entire reconstruction was noticed during the year 1921 in the 20th century, which has been associated with lowest trees growth in the entire western Himalaya.