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Evaluating stripe rust resistance in Indian wheat genotypes and breeding lines using molecular markers

Rani, Reema, Singh, Rajender, Yadav, Neelam R.
Comptes rendus 2019
Puccinia striiformis f. tritici, Triticum aestivum, breeding, breeding lines, breeding programs, cost effectiveness, cultivars, disease resistance, genetic markers, genotype, loci, resistance genes, stripe rust, wheat, India
Stripe rust (yellow rust), caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is a serious disease of wheat worldwide, including India. Growing resistant cultivars is the most cost-effective and eco-friendly approach to manage the disease. In this study, 70 publically available molecular markers were used to identify the distribution of 35 Yr genes in 68 wheat genotypes. Out of 35 Yr genes, 25 genes amplified the loci associated with Yr genes. Of the 35, 18 were all-stage resistance ASR (All-stage resistance) genes and 7 (Yr16, Yr18, Yr29, Yr30, Yr36, Yr46 &Yr59) were APR (Adult-plant resistance) genes. In the field tests, evaluation for stripe rust was carried out under artificial inoculation of Pst. Fifty-three wheat genotypes were found resistant to yellow rust (ITs 0), accounting for 77.94% of total entries. Coefficients of infection ranged from 0 to 60 among all wheat genotypes. Two genotypes (VL 1099 & VL 3002) were identified with maximum 15 Yr genes followed by 14 genes in VL 3010 and HI8759, respectively. Maximum number of all-stage resistance genes were identified in RKD 292 (11) followed by ten genes in DBW 216, WH 1184 and VL 3002. Maximum number of adult-plant resistance gene was identified in VL 3009 (6), HI 8759 (5) and Lassik (4) respectively. Genes Yr26 (69.2%), Yr2 (69.1%), Yr64 (61.7%), Yr24 (58.9%), Yr7 (52.9%), Yr10 (50%) and Yr 48 (48.5%) showed high frequency among selected wheat genotypes, while Yr9 (2.94%), Yr36 (2.94%), Yr60 (1.47%) and Yr32 (8.8%) were least frequent in wheat genotypes. In future breeding programs, race specific genes and non-race specific genes should be utilised to pyramid with other effective genes to develop improved wheat cultivars with high-level and durable resistance to stripe rust. Proper deployment of Yr genes and utilizing the positive interactions will be helpful for resistance breeding in wheat.