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Left atrial size and volume in cats with primary cardiomyopathy with and without congestive heart failure

Duler, L., Scollan, K.F., LeBlanc, N.L.
Journal of veterinary cardiology 2019 v.24 pp. 36-47
cardiomyopathy, cat diseases, cats, echocardiography, heart failure, humans, retrospective studies
Myocardial diseases are the most common acquired cardiac diseases in cats and may result in left atrial enlargement and congestive heart failure (CHF). Volume calculations have replaced linear measurements for chamber quantification in humans but are not commonly measured in cats. The aims of this retrospective study were to compare the left atrial (LA) size by two-dimensional linear measurements to two-dimensional LA volumes (LAV).One hundred sixty-two client-owned cats were included.Cats with complete echocardiographic examinations were included and categorized into one of the three groups: healthy, cardiomyopathy (CM), and CHF. Seven measurements of the LA size were performed including minimal and maximal LA-to-aortic ratio (LA:Ao) and LAV and also maximal left atrial diameter (LAD).Cats were classified as healthy (n = 56), CM (n = 62), and CHF (n = 44). The minimal LA:Ao (LA:Aomin) and minimal LAV from the left apical view (LAVmin-LAP) best differentiated the CM and CHF groups. The LA:Aomin value with the optimal sensitivity and specificity to distinguish CM and CHF cats was 1.64 (sensitivity 84% and specificity 75%).Left atrial volumes were not superior to linear measurements of LA size in distinguishing CM and CHF cats in this study. Minimal LA size and volumes resulted in a larger area under the curve than each corresponding maximal value. Minimum LA size may be a better prognostic factor of CHF in cats with CM.