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Seasonal occurrence and ecological aspects of Afrodiplozoon polycotyleus (Monogenea: Diplozoidae) from the gills of three cyprinids from the Nwanedi-Luphephe dams, South Africa

EM Mbokane, J Theron, WJ Luus-Powell
African journal of aquatic science 2019 v.44 no.1 pp. 53-60
Enteromius, Labeobarbus, Monogenea, adults, autumn, dams (hydrology), fish, food availability, gills, habitat preferences, hosts, new host records, parasites, rivers, seasonal variation, spring, summer, water quality, South Africa
The effect of seasonal changes and ecological aspects of Afrodiplozoon polycotyleus (Paperna, 1973) collected on Labeobarbus marequensis (Smith, 1841), Enteromius trimaculatus (Peters, 1852) and Enteromius radiatus (Peters, 1853) was investigated from January to October 2008. Fish were collected at the Nwanedi-Luphephe dams, Limpopo River System, South Africa using gill, cast and seine nets and electrofishing gear. Enteromius radiatus and E. trimaculatus were the most infested compared with L. marequensis. Seasonal changes had an influence on the intensity of A. polycotyleus, with infestation rates higher in spring, summer and autumn. The adults predominantly infected the medial region of the second gill arch, whereas diporpae were mainly found on the first gill. Neither sex nor water quality changes had an influence on the intensity of the parasite. The health condition of the hosts was not affected by the parasite. The different infestation rates of the parasite between the species could be attributed to host characteristics, behaviour and habitat preferences. The selection of a particular gill/region could be attributed to space for attachment organs and food supply, as well as flow and velocity of the water over the gills. The occurrence of A. polycotyleus on E. radiatus constitutes a new host record.