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Nutritional effects of the dietary inclusion of partially defatted Hermetia illucens larva meal in Muscovy duck

Gariglio, Marta, Dabbou, Sihem, Biasato, Ilaria, Capucchio, Maria Teresa, Colombino, Elena, Hernández, Fuensanta, Madrid, Josefa, Martínez, Silvia, Gai, Francesco, Caimi, Christian, Oddon, Sara Bellezza, Meneguz, Marco, Trocino, Angela, Vincenzi, Riccardo, Gasco, Laura, Schiavone, Achille
Journal of animal science and biotechnology 2019 v.10 no.1 pp. 37
Cairina moschata, Hermetia illucens, Muscovy, average daily gain, body weight, crude protein, diet, digestibility, ducklings, feed conversion, feed intake, females, growth performance, intestines, morphometry, organic matter, rearing, titanium dioxide, France
BACKGROUND: The present work is aimed at evaluating the effect of different inclusion levels of a partially defatted black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens, L.; HI) larva meal for ducks. A total of 192 female 3-day-old Muscovy ducklings (Cairina moschata domestica, Canedins R71 L White, Grimaud Freres Selection, France) were divided into 4 groups, assigned 4 different dietary treatments (6 replicates/treatment and 8 birds/replicate) and reared from 3 to 50 days of age. HI larva meal was included at increasing levels (0, 3%, 6% and 9%, HI0, HI3, HI6 and HI9, respectively) in isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets formulated for 3 feeding phases: starter (3–17 days of age), grower (18–38 days of age) and finisher (39–50 days of age). The growth performance and apparent total tract digestibility were evaluated during the trial using titanium dioxide as an inert marker (0.3% of inclusion). At 51 days of age, two birds per pen were slaughtered and histomorphological investigations were performed. RESULTS: The live weight and average daily gain showed a quadratic response to increasing HI meal in the grower period (minimum corresponding to the HI6 group). No effects of dietary inclusion levels were observed for the daily feed intake or feed conversion ratio. The apparent dry matter and organic matter digestibility were not affected by the dietary treatment. A linear decrease was observed for the crude protein apparent digestibility in the starter period (minimum for the HI9 groups). The ether extract apparent digestibility increased linearly during the grower and finisher periods (minimum for the HI0 group). The morphometric indices were not influenced by the dietary treatments. CONCLUSIONS: The inclusion of up to 9% of HI partially defatted larva meal in the diet of ducks did not cause any effect on growth performance, as well as the apparent digestibility. Moreover, dietary HI inclusion preserved the physiological intestinal development.