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Mitigation of soil contaminated with diesel fuel using bioelectrokinetics
- Hassan, Ikrema A., Mohamedelhassan, Eltayeb E., Yanful, Ernest K., Yuan, Ze-Chun
- Journal of environmental science and health 2019 v.54 no.5 pp. 416-426
- Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Sinorhizobium, Sphingobacterium multivorum, ambient temperature, bacteria, bioremediation, diesel fuel, electric potential difference, electrodes, polluted soils, sand, soil pH, solar collectors, solar energy, sustainable technology, water content, winter
- This study investigated the effectiveness of bioelectrokinetics in rehabilitating a silty clayey sand contaminated with diesel fuel using three novel bacterial strains; Acinetobacter calcoaceticus, Sphingobacterium multivorum, and Sinorhizobium, isolated form agriculture land. Three electrokinetic bioremediation cells were used to conduct the tests and a novel electrode configuration technique was used to stabilize pH and water content in the soil specimen. Solar photovoltaic panels were used to generate sustainable energy for the process. The tests were carried out in outdoors for 55 days. Applied voltage, current passing through the electrokinetic cell, and the temperature of the soil specimen were recorded periodically during the test. The pH, water content, and diesel concentration were determined at the end of the tests. Over the test period, the voltage typically increased from zero before sunrise, remained relatively stabilized for about 4 h, and then started to decrease and dropped to zero by sunset. The temperatures in the cells were found to be 5–7 °C higher than the ambient temperature. The innovative electrode configuration succeeded in keeping the pH of soil to remain the same and thereby prevented the development of a pH gradient in the soil, an important development for survival of the bacteria. The diesel degradation in the soil after bioelectrokinetics were 20–30%, compared to 10–12% in the control test. The study was successful in developing environmentally friendly technology employing novel bacterial strains to degrade diesel fuel and utilizing solar panel to produce renewable energy for bioelectrokinetic during the winter season.