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Two-stage thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion of corn stover and cattle manure to enhance biomethane production
- Joseph, Gail, Zhang, Bo, Mahzabin Rahman, Quazi, Wang, Lijun, Shahbazi, Abolghasem
- Journal of environmental science and health 2019 v.54 no.5 pp. 452-460
- anaerobic digestion, biodegradability, biogas, cattle manure, cellulose, corn stover, hemicellulose, lignin, liquids, methane, temperature
- Two-stage thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion of cattle manure and corn stover was conducted to increase biomethane production. The first stage pre-digestion of corn stover was studied based on the following treatment variables: corn stover to liquid fraction of digestate (CS:LFD) ratio (1:7, 1:10, 1:13, 1:14), digestion temperature (55 °C, 60 °C) and digestion time (3, 7, 14 days). The reduction in lignin, cellulose and hemicellulose (LCH) was between 3.97% and 11.98%, which increased the biodegradability of corn stover. Corn stover pre-digested with a CS:LFD ratio of 1:10 at 55 °C for a period of 3 and 7 days was subjected to anaerobic co-digestion with cattle manure. The highest biomethane yield was observed on day 21 with a value of 357.41 mL/g volatile solids (VS) for untreated corn stover, 446.84 mL/g VS for corn stover pre-digested for 3 days and 518.58 mL/g VS for corn stover pre-digested for 7 days with LFD. The VS conversion efficiency for co-digestion of cattle manure with untreated corn stover, corn stover pre-digested for 3 days and 7 days was 42.8%, 43.3% and 51.8%, respectively, on day 21, which was higher than that (34.0%) of cattle manure only.