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A novel acetylcholinesterase biosensor based on gold nanoparticles obtained by electroless plating on three-dimensional graphene for detecting organophosphorus pesticides in water and vegetable samples

Dong, Pei, Jiang, Bin, Zheng, Jianbin
Analytical methods 2019 v.11 no.18 pp. 2428-2434
acetylcholinesterase, analytical methods, biosensors, detection limit, electrical conductivity, electrodes, electron transfer, gold, graphene, graphene oxide, malathion, monitoring, nanogold, parathion-methyl, synergism, vegetables
In this study, a novel acetylcholinesterase (AChE) biosensor for the detection of organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) was developed based on a film of gold nanoparticles/three-dimensional graphene (AuNPs/rGO). This AuNPs/rGO film was prepared by the electroless plating of AuNPs on 3D graphene. The modified electrode displayed excellent electron-transfer mediation and electrical conductivity because of the synergistic effect of AuNPs and rGO. In addition, the AChE biosensor exhibited a good linear relationship at concentrations ranging from 1.0 × 10⁻¹⁰ to 1.0 × 10⁻⁶ g L⁻¹. Under optimum conditions, the results showed high sensitivity of the derived biosensor for monitoring malathion and methyl parathion in water down to detection limits of 2.78 × 10⁻¹¹ g L⁻¹ and 2.17 × 10⁻¹¹ g L⁻¹, respectively. The biosensor also revealed satisfactory stability, operational repeatability and good reproducibility. When detecting methyl parathion in real water and vegetable samples, the recoveries for the AChE biosensor ranged from 94–106%, indicating that this had excellent potential for practical application. These results demonstrated that the developed electrochemical sensor shows promise as a sensing platform for OP analysis.