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Regulation of the Intracellular ROS Level Is Critical for the Antiproliferative Effect of Quercetin in the Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Line HepG2

Jeon, Ji-Sook, Kwon, Sora, Ban, Kiwon, Kwon Hong, Young-, Ahn, Curie, Sung, Jung-Suk, Choi, Inho
Nutrition and cancer 2019 v.71 no.5 pp. 861-869
apoptosis, cell cycle checkpoints, hepatoma, human cell lines, hydrogen peroxide, neoplasm cells, quercetin, small interfering RNA
Quercetin, an antioxidant flavonoid, has been known that it can induce the cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells by the stabilization or induction of p53. Here, we found that quercetin reduced the proliferation of HepG2 cells significantly, but not Huh7 cells. Interestingly, quercetin down-regulated the intracellular ROS level in HepG2 cells, but not Huh7 cells. Functional study using siRNA showed that the proliferation of HepG2 cells was still regulated by quercetin in the absence of p53. Furthermore, we confirmed the effect of quercetin on HepG2 cells by H₂O₂ supplementation. This study demonstrates that the antiproliferative effect of quercetin on HCC cells can be mediated by reducing intracellular ROS, which is independent of p53 expression.