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Removal of Congo red aqueous solution using Leucaena leucocephala seed’s extract as natural coagulant

Kristianto, Hans, Rahman, Henni, Prasetyo, Susiana, Sugih, Asaf K.
Applied water science 2019 v.9 no.4 pp. 88
Leucaena leucocephala, alum, aqueous solutions, coagulants, coagulation, color, ferrous sulfate, models, natural resources, pH, protein content, risk, seeds, sludge, sodium chloride, wastewater, wastewater treatment
Coagulation is a well-known technology applied in water and wastewater treatment. Inorganic salts, such as alum, ferrous sulfate, and polyaluminum chloride, are usually used. It is widely known that utilization of these inorganic coagulants poses several disadvantages, such as high coagulant cost and high sludge volume that increase water treatment expenses. The use of alum also poses health risk to human as it may cause degenerative diseases. In order to minimize these disadvantages, the use of various coagulants from natural resources has been recently proposed. In this research, study was performed on the extraction and use of a potential natural coagulant (Leucaena leucocephala) seed kernel as natural coagulant. Leucaena seed kernel was extracted at various NaCl concentrations (0–5 mol L⁻¹). Extract with highest protein content obtained at NaCl concentration of 3 mol L⁻¹ was further used to treat a synthetic wastewater model substance (Congo red solution) at various pH (2–10) and dosage (2–40 mL L⁻¹). This natural coagulant successfully removed 99.9% of the color at pH 3 and dosage 10 mL L⁻¹, with only half sludge volume discharged when compared to alum. The result suggests that leucaena is a promising natural coagulant for water and wastewater treatment.