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Inactivation of Potato Polyphenol Oxidase Using Microwave Cold Plasma Treatment

Kang, Joo Hyun, Roh, Si Hyeon, Min, Sea Cheol
Journal of food science 2019 v.84 no.5 pp. 1122-1128
Weibull statistics, catechol oxidase, cold, enzyme inactivation, food processing, foods, models, nonthermal processing, potatoes, prediction
This study was conducted to examine the effects of microwave cold plasma (CP) treatment on inactivation of polyphenol oxidase (PPO) of potato. The PPO activity and treatment variables were fit to first‐order kinetics, the Weibull model, and the second‐order model. The optimum CP‐generation power and treatment time for inactivating PPO in the PPO extract were found to be 900 W and 40 min, respectively, which resulted in the highest inactivation of PPO (49.5%). PPO activity after CP treatment of potato slices decreased from 72.4% to 59.0% as the sample surface‐to‐volume ratio increased from 7.1 to 9.0. CP treatment delayed the browning of potato slices. Microwave CP treatment effectively inactivated PPO in potatoes, demonstrating the potential of CP treatment for controlling PPO activity in foods. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: This study demonstrated that microwave CP treatment, a nonthermal food processing technology, inactivates PPO activity in potatoes. The results showed that the inactivation effect of CP treatment on PPO corresponded to the surface‐to‐volume ratio of potato slices. Furthermore, this study proposed an enzyme inactivation model that is suitable for predicting the inactivation of PPO activity and confirmed that CP treatment delayed browning in potatoes.