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Effects of melatonin on cadmium accumulation in the accumulator plant Perilla frutescens

Xiang, Gang, Lin, Lijin, Liao, Ming’an, Tang, Yi, Liang, Dong, Xia, Hui, Wang, Jin, Wang, Xun, Sun, Guochao, Zhang, Huifen, Zou, Yao, Ren, Wei
Chemistry in ecology 2019 v.35 no.6 pp. 553-562
Perilla frutescens, cadmium, chlorophyll, dose response, enzyme activity, heavy metals, melatonin, peroxidase, phytoremediation, polluted soils, roots, shoots, superoxide dismutase
To enhance the phytoremediation ability of the heavy metal accumulator Perilla frutescens, melatonin (MT) was applied at different concentrations (0, 25, 50, 100, 150, and 200 μmol/L) to P. frutescens growing in cadmium (Cd) contaminated soil (10 mg/kg). The MT treatments increased the root and shoot biomasses of P. frutescens, with the maximum increase in the 150 μmol/L MT treatment (79.51% and 36.18% higher, respectively, than those of the control). The MT treatments also enhanced superoxide dismutase activity, peroxidase activity, and the soluble protein concentration of P. frutescens, and 100–200 μmol/L MT increased the chlorophyll a, chlorophyll b, and total chlorophyll concentrations in P. frutescens. The MT treatments increased the Cd concentrations in roots and shoots of P. frutescens in a dose-dependent manner. Different MT concentrations increased the Cd accumulation amounts of roots and shoots of P. frutescens, with the maxima accumulation amounts in the 150 μmol/L MT treatment (226.98% and 85.89% higher, respectively, than those of the control). These results show that MT can promote the growth and phytoremediation ability of P. frutescens growing in Cd-contaminated soil, and the optimum MT dose is 150 μmol/L.