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Bipolar Poly(arylene phosphine oxide) Hosts with Widely Tunable Triplet Energy Levels for High-Efficiency Blue, Green, and Red Thermally Activated Delayed Fluorescence Polymer Light-Emitting Diodes

Shao, Shiyang, Wang, Shumeng, Xu, Xiushang, Yang, Yun, Lv, Jianhong, Ding, Junqiao, Wang, Lixiang, Jing, Xiabin, Wang, Fosong
Macromolecules 2019 v.52 no.9 pp. 3394-3403
emissions, energy, fluorescence, light emitting diodes, metals, phosphine, polymers
Polymer light-emitting diodes (PLEDs) based on thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters show great potential in developing high-efficiency solution-processed light-emitting devices without the use of noble metal complexes. However, a key challenge for the development of TADF-PLEDs so far is the lack of polymer hosts with suitable triplet energy levels (ETs) and good carrier transport capability. Here, we report the design, synthesis, and electroluminescent properties of a novel series of bipolar poly(arylene phosphine oxide) hosts based on electron-transporting arylphosphine oxide and hole-transporting carbazole units, which show widely tunable ETs in the range of 2.20–3.01 eV by finely tuning the conjugation extent of the polymer backbone. The tunable ETs make these polymers a universal host family for all of the blue, green, and red TADF emitters. TADF-PLEDs based on these polymer hosts show promising device efficiency with external quantum efficiencies up to 15.8, 17.1, and 10.1% for blue, green, and red emissions, respectively, which are among the highest efficiencies for TADF-PLEDs. These results open an avenue for the development of TADF-PLEDs with high efficiency and full-color emission in the future.