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Acute dietary nitrate supplementation does not attenuate oxidative stress or the hemodynamic response during submaximal exercise in hypobaric hypoxia

Author:
Carriker, Colin R., Rombach, Paige, Stevens, Brooke M., Vaughan, Roger A., Gibson, Ann L.
Source:
Applied physiology, nutrition and metabolism 2018 v.43 no.12 pp. 1268-1274
ISSN:
1715-5320
Subject:
beverages, blood pressure, catalase, cross-over studies, exercise, heart rate, hypoxia, males, men, nitrates, nitrites, oxidative stress, oxygen, peak oxygen uptake, placebos
Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in oxidative stress, arterial oxygen saturation (SaO₂), blood pressure (BP), and heart rate (HR) during exercise in hypobaric hypoxia following acute dietary nitrate supplementation. Nine well-trained (maximal oxygen consumption, 60.8 ± 7.8 mL·kg⁻¹·min⁻¹) males (age, 29 ± 7 years) visited the laboratory on 3 occasions, each separated by 1 week. Visit 1 included a maximal aerobic cycling test and five 5-min increasing-intensity exercise bouts in a normobaric environment (1600 m). A single dose of either a nitrate-depleted placebo (PL) or a nitrate-rich beverage (NR; 12.8 mmol nitrate) was consumed 2.5 h prior to exercise during visits 2 and 3 (3500 m) in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study consisting of a 5-min cycling warm-up and 4 bouts, each 5 min in duration, separated by 4-min periods of passive rest. Exercise wattages were determined during visit 1 and corresponded to 25%, 40%, 50%, 60%, and 70% of normobaric maximal oxygen consumption. Catalase and 8-isoprostane were measured before and after exercise (immediately before and 1 h postexercise, respectively). NR increased plasma nitrite (1.53 ± 0.83 μmol·L⁻¹) compared with PL (0.88 ± 0.56 μmol·L⁻¹) (p < 0.05). In both conditions, postexercise (3500 m) 8-isoprostane (PL, 23.49 ± 3.38 to 60.90 ± 14.95 pg·mL⁻¹; NR, 23.23 ± 4.12 to 52.11 ± 19.76 pg·mL⁻¹) and catalase (PL, 63.89 ± 25.69 to 128.15 ± 41.80 mmol·min⁻¹·mL⁻¹; NR, 78.89 ± 30.95 to 109.96 ± 35.05 mmol·min⁻¹·mL⁻¹) were elevated compared with baseline resting values (p < 0.05). However, both 8-isoprostane and catalase were similar in the 2 groups (PL and NR) (p = 0.217 and p = 0.080, respectively). We concluded that an acute, pre-exercise dose of dietary nitrate yielded no beneficial changes in oxidative stress, SaO₂, BP, or HR in healthy, aerobically fit men exercising at 3500 m.
Agid:
6439189