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Prevalence and correlates of screen time among Brazilian adolescents: findings from a country-wide survey

Schaan, Camila Wohlgemuth, Cureau, Felipe Vogt, Bloch, Katia Vergetti, de Carvalho, Kênia Mara Baiocchi, Ekelund, Ulf, Schaan, Beatriz D.
Applied physiology, nutrition and metabolism 2018 v.43 no.7 pp. 684-690
Internet, adolescents, color, computers, confidence interval, income, models, national surveys, questionnaires, regression analysis, socioeconomic status
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the distribution, prevalence, and correlates of excessive screen time (>2 h/day) among Brazilian adolescents. The Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Adolescents (ERICA) is a national, school-based, cross-sectional multicenter study. Information about time spent in front of screens was assessed by questionnaire. Poisson regression models were used to examine the associations between following correlates (region, sex, age, skin color, income, Internet access, and number of TVs at home) and excessive screen time. A total of 66 706 Brazilian adolescents (aged 12–17 years) were included. The overall mean time in front of screens was 3.25 h/day (95% confidence interval (95%CI): 3.20–3.31) and the prevalence of excessive screen time was 57.3% (95%CI: 55.9–58.6). Moreover, excessive screen time also differs across Brazilian regions, being higher in Southeast and South, respectively. In adjusted models stratified by region, the socioeconomic status was associated with excessive screen time in North, Northeast, and Midwest. In all regions, having a computer with Internet access was associated with higher prevalence of excessive screen time. In conclusion, prevalence of excessive screen time in Brazilian adolescents is high. It presents regional variations and facility for Internet access.