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Total energy expenditure in elite open-water swimmers
- Sagayama, Hiroyuki, Mimura, Kosuke, Toguchi, Makiko, Yasukata, Jun, Tanaka, Hiroaki, Higaki, Yasuki
- Applied physiology, nutrition and metabolism 2019 v.44 no.2 pp. 225-227
- energy expenditure, energy requirements, swimming
- This study aimed to examine the total energy expenditure (TEE) and physical activity level (PAL) of elite open-water swimmers. Our study group included 5 world-class competitive open-water swimmers. TEE was measured using the doubly labeled water method for 1 week. The TEE was 4549 ± 1185 kcal/day. The PAL was 3.22 ± 0.46. Our results may provide a reference to optimize energy requirement support.