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Émergence et évolution de la collaboration dans la planification forestière du Nitaskinan

Fortier, Jean-François, Wyatt, Stephen
Canadian journal of forest research 2019 v.49 no.4 pp. 350-360
forest industries, forest management, forestry law, interviews, rivers, Quebec
The objective of this study was to review the origin and the factors that contributed to the development of collaborative processes that enabled the Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok to engage in forest planning activities on their traditional lands, over the past 30 years. Based on an historical, inductive, and qualitative approach, we analyzed data from written sources (reports, minutes of meeting, etc.) and semi-structured interviews with representatives from the Nehirowisiwok communities, the forest industry, and the Quebec government. Results show that in the early 1990s, the Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok had little input in forest planning, despite their willingness to do so. By the end of the 1990s, the Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok and the forest industry were able to set up a harmonization process aiming to reconcile occupation of the land and forestry activities. Then, the Haïda and Taku River (2004) decisions and the adoption of new forest legislation (2010) resulted in the provincial government playing a more significant role in the harmonization process. The implementation of a new forestry regime (2013) reversed the relationships between the groups, obliging the Atikamekw Nehirowisiwok to collaborate with the provincial ministry, which had become responsible for forest planning.