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Characterization and sequence analysis of potential biofertilizer and biocontrol agent Bacillus subtilis strain SEM-9 from silkworm excrement

Li, Qingrong, Liao, Sentai, Zhi, Huyu, Xing, Dongxu, Xiao, Yang, Yang, Qiong
Canadian journal of microbiology 2019 v.65 no.1 pp. 45-58
Bacillus subtilis, Chinese cabbage, Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium sambucinum, Fusarium wilt, antifungal agents, biofertilizers, biofilm, biological control, biological control agents, biosynthesis, composting, crop yield, crops, fungi, host specificity, mechanism of action, multigene family, phosphorus, sequence analysis, silkworms, soil-borne diseases, surfactin
Fusarium wilt is a devastating soil-borne disease caused mainly by highly host-specific formae speciales of Fusarium oxysporum. Antagonistic microorganisms play a very important role in Fusarium wilt control, and the isolation of potential biocontrol strains is becoming more and more important. We isolated a bacterial strain (SEM-9) from the high-temperature stage of silkworm excrement composting, which had a marked ability to solubilize phosphorus, promote the growth and increase the yield of the small Chinese cabbage, and which also exhibited considerable antagonistic effect towards Fusarium sambucinum and other fungi. The result of physiological and biochemical analyses, as well as genome sequencing, showed that SEM-9 was a strain of Bacillus subtilis. Through genome annotation and analysis, it was found that SEM-9 contained genes related to the regulation of biofilm formation, which may play an important role in colonization, and gene clusters encoding the biosynthesis of antimicrobials, such as surfactin, bacilysin, fengycin, and subtilosin-A. The production of such antifungal compounds may constitute the basis of the mode-of-action of SEM-9 against Fusarium spp. These data suggested that the SEM-9 strain has potential as both a biofertilizer and a biocontrol agent, with the potential to manage Fusarium wilt disease in crops.