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Comprehensive chemical profiling of Yindan Xinnaotong soft capsule and its neuroprotective activity evaluation in vitro

Pang, Han-Qing, An, Hai-Ming, Yang, Hua, Wu, Si-Qi, Fan, Jun-Li, Mi, Li, Wang, Hong, Li, Ping, Gao, Wen
Journal of chromatography 2019 v.1601 pp. 288-299
active ingredients, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, herbs, high performance liquid chromatography, ions, neuroprotective effect, quality control, tandem mass spectrometry, ultra-performance liquid chromatography
Discovering effective combinational components (ECCs) and quality control markers of TCMs is still facing challenges because the holistic healing system comprises hundreds of compounds. Here, taking Yindan Xinnaotong soft capsule (YDXNT), a TCMs preparation composed by 8 herbs, as a case, a strategy that integrated multiple chromatographic analysis and bioactivity assay was proposed for potential ECCs of neuroprotection discovery. Firstly, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTOF MS) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC–MS) were applied for comprehensive profiling of the chemical constituents in YDXNT. Given the fact that the complex matrix interference makes it more difficult to identify potentially active compounds, we proposed a structure-diagnostic ions-oriented strategy to remove interference ions from the raw UHPLC-MS data. The proposed strategy consisted of different filtering methods, including diagnostic fragment ions filtering (DFIF), mass defect filtering (MDF) and neutral loss (NL). Using this strategy, a total of 124 compounds were rapidly identified. Among them, 62 non-volatile and 5 volatile constituents in 30 batches of YDXNT were quantified by UHPLC tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (QQQ-MS) and GC–MS methods, respectively. In order to facilitate the quality control of YDXNT, candidate ECCs were selected based on the threshold setting of absolute -contents, and their neuroprotective effects were examined. Finally, a combination of 16 compounds, accounts for 2.80% (w/w) of original YDXNT, was identified as its potential ECCs, which could be considered for the improvement of quality standardization of YDXNT.