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Destruction behavior of short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins in solid waste at a pilot-scale incinerator

Matsukami, Hidenori, Kajiwara, Natsuko
Chemosphere 2019 v.230 pp. 164-172
alkanes, best available technology, combustion, flue gas, fly ash, incinerators, kilns, monitoring, persistent organic pollutants, polychlorinated biphenyls, polychlorinated dibenzodioxins, polychlorinated dibenzofurans, solid wastes, toxicity, Japan
Incineration experiments with solid wastes containing approximately 3% (w/w) short-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs) that have recently been listed as persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) were conducted using a pilot-scale incinerator to investigate the efficiency of their destruction as well as the unintentional formation of POPs and their destruction behaviors during controlled incineration. A series of experiments demonstrated that SCCPs and MCCPs in solid wastes were progressively destroyed and removed during rotary kiln combustion and downstream flue gas treatments. Destruction efficiencies of SCCPs and MCCPs exceeding 99.9999% were confirmed. SCCPs in bottom and fly ash samples were present at levels below their quantification limits (0.021 and 0.31 mg/kg), and MCCPs in the bottom and fly ash samples were likewise present at concentrations below their quantification limits (0.034 and 0.50 mg/kg). Total concentrations of toxicity equivalency quantities (TEQs) for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) in emission gas samples collected at the bag filter exit and final exit were 0.083–0.30 and 8.7 × 10−7 to 1.3 × 10−4 ng-TEQ/m3N, respectively, and those in bottom and fly ash samples were 0.12–0.47 and 9.0 × 10−3 to 0.14 ng-TEQ/g, respectively. The results obtained in this study suggest that controlled incineration of solid wastes under the current regulations for incinerators in Japan and the countries with regulations and monitoring to minimize emissions of PCDDs/DFs and dl-PCBs is one of the best available technologies for the environmentally sound management of wastes containing SCCPs and MCCPs.