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Molecular basis of resistance to ACCase-inhibiting herbicide cyhalofop-butyl in Chinese sprangletop (Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees) from China

Wei Deng, Jingxuan Cai, Jingyun Zhang, Yueyang Chen, Yongrui Chen, Yingjie Di, Shuzhong Yuan
Pesticide biochemistry and physiology 2019 v.158 pp. 143-148
Leptochloa chinensis, acetyl-CoA carboxylase, clethodim, cross resistance, dose response, gene expression, genes, grass weeds, paddies, resistance mechanisms, rice, site-directed mutagenesis, China
Chinese sprangletop (Leptochloa chinensis (L.) Nees) is one of the most troublesome grass weeds in rice in China. Seven suspected cyhalofop-butyl-resistant L. chinensis populations were collected from different rice fields with a history of cyhalofop-butyl use. The level of resistance and resistance mechanisms in seven populations were studied. Dose-response tests indicated that five populations (JS3, JS4, JS6, JS7 and JS8) had evolved high-level resistance (26.9 to 123.0-fold) to cyhalofop-butyl compared with the susceptible (S) population, and other two populations (JS2 and JS5) were still sensitive to the herbicide. Two acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACCase) genes were cloned from each population, and three different ACCase mutations (Ile-1781-Leu, Trp-1999-Cys, and Trp-2027-Cys) in ACCase2 gene were determined in different resistant (R) populations. In addition, no resistance-conferring mutations was detected in the R population (JS7), and ACCase gene expression was similar between the S and R populations. Thus, non-target-site resistance mechanisms may be involved in the JS7 population. Moreover, the patterns of cross-resistance of JS6 (Ile-1781-Leu), JS4 (Trp-1999-Cys), JS8 (Trp-2027-Cys), and JS7 (unknown resistance mechanisms) populations to other ACCase-inhibiting herbicides were determined. The JS6 and JS8 populations showed resistance to fenoxaprop-P-ethyl, metamifop, clethodim and pinoxaden, the JS4 population was resistant to fenoxaprop-P-ethyl, metamifop and pinoxaden, and the JS7 population had resistance only to fenoxaprop-P-ethyl and metamifop. These results indicated the diversity of the target-site mutations in ACCase gene of L. chinensis, and provide a better understanding of cross-resistance in L. chinensis, which would be helpful for the management of cyhalofop-butyl-resistant L. chinensis.