Main content area

Ability of Vibrio vulnificus isolated from fish of the Lagoa dos Patos estuary in south Brazil to form biofilms after sublethal stress and bacterial resistance to antibiotics and sanitizers

Silveira, Débora Rodrigues, da Rosa, Janaina Viana, Kaefer, Kauana, Bach, Luiz Gustavo, Barbosa, Amanda de Oliveira, Timm, Cláudio Dias
International journal of food microbiology 2019 v.303 pp. 19-25
Lagoa, Micropogonias furnieri, Paralichthys orbignyanus, Vibrio vulnificus, anti-infective agents, antibiotic resistance, biofilm, chlorine dioxide, estuaries, fish, fish industry, sanitizers, sodium hypochlorite, Brazil
The present study aimed to investigate the presence of Vibrio vulnificus in fish captured at the Lagoa dos Patos estuary (RS, Brazil), to establish a correlation between bacterial biofilm formation and sublethal stress, and to assess the resistance of the isolates to antimicrobials and sanitizers. A total of 217 isolates characteristic of Vibrio sp. were analyzed. Isolates were identified and subsequently their ability to form biofilm, the impact of exposure to sublethal stress on their biofilm formation ability, and their resistance to antimicrobial and to sodium hypochlorite and chlorine dioxide sanitizers were evaluated. V. vulnificus was isolated from the fish Paralichthys orbignyanus and Micropogonias furnieri. The bacterial isolates examined were able to form biofilms. Biofilm formation ability of these strains was decreased or inhibited after being exposed to sublethal stress. The isolates were resistant to most antimicrobials. The sanitizer concentrations necessary to eliminate V. vulnificus were higher than those usually used in the fishing industry.