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Effectiveness of a multimodal intervention to increase vaccination in obstetrics/gynecology settings

O'Leary, Sean T., Pyrzanowski, Jennifer, Brewer, Sarah E., Sevick, Carter, Miriam Dickinson, L., Dempsey, Amanda F.
Vaccine 2019 v.37 no.26 pp. 3409-3418
Papillomaviridae, control methods, educational materials, influenza, influenza vaccines, patient education, patients, pregnant women, purchasing, vaccination, Colorado
To test the effectiveness of a multimodal intervention in obstetrics/gynecology (ob-gyn) clinics to increase uptake of influenza and tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccines in pregnant women and these vaccines plus human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in non-pregnant women.A cluster randomized controlled trial among 9 private ob-gyn practices in Colorado from 9/2011 to 5/2014. The intervention consisted of: designation of immunization champions, staff/provider trainings, assistance with vaccine purchasing/management, identification of eligible patients, standing order implementation, chart review/feedback, and patient education materials. Control practices continued usual care. Primary outcomes were receipt of influenza and Tdap vaccines among pregnant women and these vaccines plus HPV vaccine among non-pregnant women, comparing a Baseline period (Year 0/Year 1) to Year 2, intervention versus control. With an estimated sample size of 32,590 per arm, there would be >80% power to detect a 10% difference between groups.In the Baseline period, 27% of pregnant women in both intervention and control practices received influenza vaccine. In Year 2, 29% of pregnant women in intervention practices received influenza vaccine versus 41% in control practices. In the Baseline period, 18% of pregnant women in intervention practices received Tdap vaccine versus 22% in control practices. Both intervention and control practices increased to 51% in Year 2, representing an increase of 33% for intervention practices and 29% for control practices, consistent with a change in Tdap recommendations. Relatively few HPV, influenza or Tdap vaccines (≤6% of eligible patients) were given to non-pregnant patients in either intervention or control practices at any time during the study.In this cluster randomized trial designed to increase vaccination uptake, both intervention and control practices showed improved vaccination of pregnant but not non-pregnant patients. Future work should focus on tailoring evidence-based immunization practices or developing new approaches to specifically fit busy ob-gyn offices.