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Research on complexation ability, aromaticity, mobility and cytotoxicity of humic-like substances during degradation process by electrochemical oxidation
- Deng, Yang, Chen, Nan, Feng, Chuanping, Chen, Fangxin, Wang, Haishuang, Feng, Zhengyuan, Zheng, Yuhan, Kuang, Peijing, Hu, Weiwu
- Environmental pollution 2019 v.251 pp. 811-820
- bacteria, chlorine, cytotoxicity, electrochemistry, electrolysis, fulvic acids, hydrogen bonding, hydrophobicity, landfill leachates, luminescence, moieties, oxidation, quinones, risk, sewage, toxicity testing, wastewater
- The humic-like substances were the main organic components in most wastewater (e.g. domestic sewage, toilet wastewater and landfill leachate). Two types of actual humic-like substances (fulvic acid (FA) and biologically treated landfill leachate (BTLL)) were selected to describe the changes in the properties of humic-like substances (complexation ability, aromaticity and mobility) during electrochemical oxidation. Meanwhile, the acute cytotoxicity of FA and BTLL was also tested by acute toxicological test of luminescent bacteria. The results showed that the consumption of coordinating groups such as phenolic groups and hydrogen bonds reduced the complexation ability of FA and BTLL. The functional groups were degraded with the removal order of quinone group, phenolic group and aromatic group, and finally realized the molecular saturation and aromaticity decrease for humic-like substances. The mobility of FA and BTLL was decreased because of the enhancement of hydrophobicity during electrolysis process. Furthermore, the available chlorine produced during electrochemical oxidation was the main acute cytotoxicity substance, therefore, it is necessary to remove it before discharge in order to reduce ecological risks. This study provides a basis for understanding and evaluating the electrochemical degradation process of humic-like substances in detail.