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An investigation on the capability of magnetically separable Fe3O4/mordenite zeolite for refinery oily wastewater purification

Hesas, Roozbeh Hoseinzadeh, Baei, Mazyar Sharifzadeh, Rostami, Hadi, Gardy, Jabbar, Hassanpour, Ali
Journal of environmental management 2019 v.241 pp. 525-534
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy, aluminum, biochemical oxygen demand, chemical oxygen demand, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, industrial wastewater treatment, magnetic materials, magnetism, oils, pH, petroleum, pollution control, response surface methodology, scanning electron microscopy, silicates, sodium, turbidity, wastewater, water resources, zeolites
Damage to the water resources and environment as a consequence of oil production and use of fossil fuels, has increased the need for applying various technologies and developing effective materials to remove contaminates from oily wastewaters resources. One of the challenges for an economic industrial wastewater treatment is separation and reusability of the developed purifying agents. Development of magnetic materials could potentially facilitate easier and more economic separation of purifying agents. Therefore, herein we have synthesised an efficient and easily recyclable Fe3O4/mordenite zeolite using a hydrothermal process to investigate its purification capability for wastewater from Kermanshah oil refinery. The synthesised Fe3O4/mordenite zeolite was characterised using XRD, FTIR, SEM, EDX, XRF and BET analysis. XRD result showed that the synthesised Fe3O4/mordenite zeolite comprised sodium aluminium silicate hydrate phase [01-072-7919, Na8(Al6Si30O72)(H2O)9.04] and cubic iron oxide phase [04-013-9808, Fe3O4]. Response Surface Method (RSM) combined with Central Composite Design (CCD) was used to identify the optimum operation parameters of the pollutant removal process. The effect of pH, contact time and Fe3O4/mordenite zeolite amount on the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Nephelometric Turbidity Unit (NTU) were investigated. It was found that pH was the most significant factor influencing COD and BOD removal but the quantity of Fe3O4/mordenite zeolite was the most influential factor on the turbidity removal capacity. The optimum removal process conditions were identified to be pH of 7.81, contact time of 15.8 min and Fe3O4/mordenite zeolite amount of 0.52% w/w. The results show that the regenerated Fe3O4/mordenite zeolite can be reused for five consecutive cycles in purification of petroleum wastes.