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Establishment of an in vitro system based on AGM-S3 co-culture for screening traditional herbal medicines that stimulate hematopoiesis

Chang, Jing, Sun, Wencui, Zeng, Jiahui, Xue, Yuan, Zhang, Yonggang, Pan, Xu, Zhou, Ya, Lai, Mowen, Bian, Guohui, Zhou, Qiongxiu, Liu, Jiaxing, Chen, Bo, Guo, Fujiang, Ma, Feng
Journal of ethnopharmacology 2019 v.240 pp. 111938
Oriental traditional medicine, Spatholobus suberectus, active ingredients, anemia, antibodies, blood, blood stasis, catechin, coculture, daidzein, embryonic stem cells, flow cytometry, formononetin, gene expression regulation, genes, hematopoiesis, herbal medicines, humans, phenolic compounds, platelet aggregation, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, screening, stems
Spatholobus suberectus Dunn is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that can activate blood, dispel stasis, inhibit platelet aggregation, and stimulate hematopoiesis, and thereby treat anemia and diseases related to blood stasis syndrome (BSS). However, its hematopoiesis-stimulating activity is not well understood.Four phenolic compounds (daidzein, formononetin, catechin, and procyandin B2) were isolated and purified from stems of S. suberectus, and tested using an in vitro hematopoiesis system.An AGM-S3 co-culture system for hematopoiesis derived from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) was employed to explore effects on hematopoiesis. At different stages, extracts from Spatholobus suberectus Dunn were added to the co-culture system at concentrations of 2, 10, or 50 μM, and fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), hematopoietic colony culturing, and quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) were used to probe changes in hematopoietic progenitors and erythroid progenitors.When H1 hESCs co-cultured with AGM-S3 were added along with 10 μM catechin from day 12 (D12), proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic and erythroid progenitors from hESCs was increased based on FACS with antibodies recognizing CD34/CD45 and GPA/CD71. Hematopoiesis colony culturing further confirmed the promotion effect of catechin on hematopoiesis, and other active fractions did not significantly promote hematopoiesis. qRT-PCR revealed that some important genes related to hematopoiesis and erythroid were up-regulated followed catechin exposure.Our results demonstrate that catechin, an active ingredient of Spatholobus suberectus Dunn, can increase the efficiency of hematopoiesis, including hematopoietic and erythroid progenitors, consistent with previous reports. The AGM-S3 co-culture system could provide an effective tool for screening active compounds in TCMs that promote hematopoiesis, and may be of clinical and pharmaceutical use.