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Increasing DNA content for cost-effective oil production in Parachlorella kessleri
- You, Zaizhi, Zhang, Qi, Miao, Xiaoling
- Bioresource technology 2019 v.285 pp. 121332
- DNA, Parachlorella kessleri, biomass, cell growth, cost effectiveness, harvesting, lipid content, lipids, microalgae, oils, salt stress
- The aim of this work was to study salt stress effects on DNA content and oil production processes integrating harvesting, lipid accumulation and oil extraction. Salt-induced enlargement of Parachlorella kessleri cells, with increasing content of DNA and neutral lipid were found. The 34.77% neutral lipid content and biomass concentration of 0.83 g L−1 were obtained after 7 days of salt treatment, compared with that of 13.57% and 0.89 g L−1 cultivated under normal condition. Sedimentation efficiency increased markedly from 15% to 90% due to the cell enlargement. Disruption fraction and the recovery rate of total lipids of wet cells under salt stress were significantly higher than that of normal conditions (100% and 82.4% for salt stress vs.76.8% and 51.1% for normal conditions). This work demonstrated that salt-induced increase in cell size and DNA content was an effective strategy for the enhancement of oil production, microalgae harvesting and oil extraction.