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Impact of sludge recirculation ratios on the performance of anaerobic membrane bioreactor for wastewater treatment
- Aslam, Alia, Khan, Sher Jamal, Shahzad, Hafiz Muhammad Aamir
- Bioresource technology 2019 v.288 pp. 121473
- biogas, chemical oxygen demand, membrane bioreactors, polymers, sludge, wastewater treatment
- The performance of a lab scale anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) was evaluated for wastewater treatment. The efficacy of the system was determined at different operating conditions in terms of fluxes and recirculation ratios (R); 10.28 L/m2 h (R = 1, Phase I), 8.8 L/m2 h (R = 2, Phase II and R = 3, Phase III) and 6 L/m2 h (R = 2, Phase IV and R = 3, Phase V), respectively. In comparison with all the operating conditions tested, optimum efficacy of the system was found at flux of 6 L/m2 h and R of 3 in terms of highest COD removal (96.7%), and maximum biogas yield (0.44 L/g CODremoved). The MLSS and MLVSS concentrations under optimum phase were 6.23 and 4.83 g/L, respectively at OLR of 0.46 kg COD/m3 day. The system also exhibited significant reduction of foulants i.e. extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and soluble microbial products (SMP) resulting in longer membrane runs in optimized phase.