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New modelling technique for improving crop model performance - Application to the GLAM model

Droutsas, I., Challinor, A.J., Swiderski, M., Semenov, M.A.
Environmental modelling & software 2019 v.118 pp. 187-200
annuals, climate change, crop models, drought, equations, growth and development, leaves, model validation, water stress
Crop models simulate growth and development and they are often used for climate change applications. However, they have a variable skill in the simulation of crop responses to extreme climatic events. Here, we present a new dynamic crop modelling method for simulating the impact of abiotic stresses. The Simultaneous Equation Modelling for Annual Crops (SEMAC) uses simultaneous solution of the model equations to ensure internal model consistency within daily time steps; something that is not always guaranteed in the usual sequential method. The SEMAC approach is implemented in GLAM, resulting in a new model version (GLAM-Parti). The new model shows a clear improvement in skill under water stress conditions and it successfully simulates the acceleration of leaf senescence in response to drought. We conclude that SEMAC is a promising crop modelling technique that might be applied to a range of models.