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Transcriptome analysis reveals enrichment of genes associated with auditory system in swimbladder of channel catfish

Yang, Yujia, Wang, Xiaozhu, Liu, Yang, Fu, Qiang, Tian, Changxu, Wu, Chenglong, Shi, Huitong, Yuan, Zihao, Tan, Suxu, Liu, Shikai, Gao, Dongya, Dunham, Rex, Liu, Zhanjiang
Comparative biochemistry and physiology 2018 v.27 pp. 30-39
Ictalurus punctatus, axons, catfish, cyclic AMP, ears, gene ontology, genes, glutamate receptors, hearing, intestines, liver, models, predators, prediction, signal transduction, skin (animal), swim bladder, synapse, transcription (genetics), transcriptomics
In aquatic organisms, hearing is an important sense for acoustic communications and detection of sound-emitting predators and prey. Channel catfish is a dominant aquaculture species in the United States. As channel catfish can hear sounds of relatively high frequency, it serves as a good model for study auditory mechanisms. In catfishes, Weberian ossicles connect the swimbladder to the inner ear to transfer the forced vibrations and improve hearing ability. In this study, we examined the transcriptional profiles of channel catfish swimbladder and other four tissues (gill, liver, skin, and intestine). We identified a total of 1777 genes that exhibited preferential expression pattern in swimbladder of channel catfish. Based on Gene Ontology enrichment analysis, many of swimbladder-enriched genes were categorized into sensory perception of sound, auditory behavior, response to auditory stimulus, or detection of mechanical stimulus involved in sensory perception of sound, such as coch, kcnq4, sptbn1, sptbn4, dnm1, ush2a, and col11a1. Six signaling pathways associated with hearing (Glutamatergic synapse, GABAergic synapse pathways, Axon guidance, cAMP signaling pathway, Ionotropic glutamate receptor pathway, and Metabotropic glutamate receptor group III pathway) were over-represented in KEGG and PANTHER databases. Protein interaction prediction revealed an interactive relationship among the swimbladder-enriched genes and genes involved in sensory perception of sound. This study identified a set of genes and signaling pathways associated with auditory system in the swimbladder of channel catfish and provide resources for further study on the biological and physiological roles in catfish swimbladder.