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Partial substitution of soybean meal with a yeast-derived protein in the diet of dairy cows under a rotational grazing system

Author:
de Freitas, H.P, Lage, C.F.A., Malacco, V.M.R., Moura, A.M, Rodrigues, J.P.P., Saturnino, H.M., Coelho, S.G., Reis, R.B.
Source:
Livestock science 2019
ISSN:
1871-1413
Subject:
Holstein, Megathyrsus maximus, blood composition, body weight, dairy cows, experimental diets, feed conversion, feed intake, grazing systems, lactation, milk, milk yield, neutral detergent fiber, protein synthesis, rotational grazing, soybean meal, zebu
Abstract:
This study's aim is to evaluate the substitution of soybean meal with a yeast-derived protein (YDP) in the diet of F1 Holstein (Bos Taurus) x Gyr (Bos indicus) dairy cows under rotational grazing (Guinea Grass, Panicum maximum cv. Mombaça) and to analyze the effects on milk yield, milk solids percentage, blood parameters, and feed efficiency (FE). Sixteen Holstein X Gyr (F1) multiparous cows with an average of 30±1.8 kg/d (Mean ± SD) of milk, 489±22 kg of body weight, and 62±26 days in milk (DIM), at the beginning of the study, were assigned to four squares based on their DIM, milk yield, and parity. The experimental diets were based on the substitution of soybean meal with a YDP in equal proportions: treatment YDP0 (without a YDP), treatment YDP150 (substitution of 150 gm of soybean meal with a YDP), treatment YDP300 (substitution of 300 gm of soybean meal with a YDP), and treatment YDP450 (substitution of 450 gm of soybean meal with a YDP). The substitution of soybean meal with a YDP in the diets of dairy cows under rotational grazing linearly decreased milk and solids production and affected the neutral detergent fiber (NDF) intake, without affecting the total feed intake. No difference was found in the microbial protein synthesis between treatments. FE tended to be lower at high inclusions of the YDP.
Agid:
6443522