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Quantitative proteomics analysis reveals resistance differences of banana cultivar ‘Brazilian’ to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense races 1 and 4

Author:
Dong, Honghong, Li, Yunfeng, Fan, Huiyun, Zhou, Dengbo, Li, Huaping
Source:
Journal of proteomics 2019 v.203 pp. 103376
ISSN:
1874-3919
Subject:
Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense, Fusarium wilt, bananas, bioinformatics, cell walls, crop production, cultivars, disease resistance, homeostasis, lipids, pathogenesis, pathogenicity, pathotypes, plant hormones, programmed cell death, protein composition, proteome, proteomics, quantitative analysis, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, races, receptors, resistance mechanisms, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, roots, secondary metabolites, signal transduction, virulent strains, China
Abstract:
Banana Fusarium wilt, caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc), is one of the most devastating diseases in banana production. Foc is classified into three physiological races. However, the resistance mechanisms of banana against different Foc races are poorly understood. In this study, we performed a comparative proteomics analysis to investigate the resistance mechanisms of ‘Brazilian’ against Foc1 and Foc4. The proteomes of ‘Brazilian’ roots inoculated with Foc1 and Foc4 and mock inoculated control at 48 h were analyzed using TMT based quantitative analysis technique. A total of 7325 unique protein species were identified, of which 689, 744, and 1222 protein species were differentially accumulated in Foc1 vs. CK, Foc4 vs. CK, and Foc1 vs. Foc4, respectively. The differential accumulations of candidate protein species were further confirmed by RT-qPCR, PRM, and physiological and biochemical assays. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that the differentially abundance protein species (DAPS) related to pattern recognition receptors, plant cell wall modification, redox homeostasis, and defense responses were differentially accumulated after Foc1 and Foc4 infection, suggesting that ‘Brazilian’ differed in resistance to the two Foc races. Our study lay the foundation for an in-depth understanding of the interaction between bananas and Foc at the proteome level.The banana fusarium wilt disease is one of the most destructive disease of banana and is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (Foc). Foc is classified into three physiological races, namely, Foc1, Foc2, and Foc4. Among these races, Foc1 and Foc4 are widely distributed in south China and significantly lose yield. Although both physiological races (Foc1 and Foc4) can invade the Cavendish banana cultivar ‘Brazilian’, they have significant pathogenicity differences. Unfortunately, how the resistance differences are produced between two races is still largely unclear to date. In this study, we addressed this issue by performing TMT-based comparative quantitative proteomics analysis of ‘Brazilian’ roots after inoculation with Foc1 and Foc4 as well as sterile water as the control. We revealed that the series of protein species associated with pattern recognition receptors, plant cell wall modification, redox homeostasis, pathogenesis, phytohormones and signal transduction, plant secondary metabolites and programmed cell death etc. were involved in the response to Foc infection. Notably, the potential role of lipid signaling in banana defense against Foc are not reported previously but rather unveiled for the first time in this study. The current study represents the most extensive analysis of the protein profile of ‘Brazilian’ in response to Foc inoculation and includes for the first time the results from comparison quantitative proteomics analysis between plants inoculated with a pathogenic strain Foc4 and a nonpathogenic strain Foc1 of ‘Brazilian’, which will lay the foundation for an in-depth understanding of the interaction between bananas and Foc at the proteome level.
Agid:
6443532