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New data on Myxobolus imparfinis (Cnidaria, Myxosporea): host, distribution, and ultrastructural morphology

Franceschini, Lidiane, Vieira, Diego Henrique Mirandola Dias, Zago, Aline Cristina, Azevedo, Rodney Kozlowiski, Abdallah, Vanessa Doro, da Silva, Reinaldo José
Parasitology research 2019 v.118 no.6 pp. 1967-1973
Imparfinis, Myxobolus, host-parasite relationships, organelles, parasites, parasitism, rivers, spores, watersheds, Brazil
A mass of free myxozoan spores was found in the gill filaments of specimens of Cetopsorhamdia iheringi Schubart and Gomes, 1959, popularly known as “three-barbeled catfishes” (Heptapteridae, Siluriformes) collected in streams of the Middle Paranapanema River, Upper Paraná River basin, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Morphological and molecular analysis identified the spores as Myxobolus imparfinis Vieira, Tagliavini, Abdallah and Azevedo, 2018. The ultrastructural morphology of this parasite is described here for the first time. Differences were observed in the number of coils of the polar filament as well as some organelles not previously described for this species. Asynchronous development was also observed, with the presence of both mature and immature spores. This is the first report of a myxozoan parasitizing C. iheringi and the first geographical record of myxozoan parasites in streams of the Middle Paranapanema River. The new data improve the original description of the species and add to the knowledge of host-parasite interactions and distribution.