U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.


Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.


Main content area

Epidemiology, control, and prevention of Newcastle disease in endemic regions: Latin America

A. E. Absalón, Diana V. Cortés-Espinosa, E. Lucio, P. J. Miller, C. L. Afonso
Tropical animal health and production 2019 v.51 no.5 pp. 1033-1048
Newcastle disease, poultry industry, vaccines, Avian orthoavulavirus 1, molecular epidemiology, indigenous species, vaccination, wild birds, virulence, poultry, Venezuela, Colombia, Latin America, Mexico, Peru
Newcastle disease (ND) infects wild birds and poultry species worldwide, severely impacting the economics of the poultry industry. ND is especially problematic in Latin America (Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, and Peru) where it is either endemic or re-emerging. The disease is caused by infections with one of the different strains of virulent avian Newcastle disease virus (NDV), recently renamed Avian avulavirus 1. Here, we describe the molecular epidemiology of Latin American NDVs, current control and prevention methods, including vaccines and vaccination protocols, as well as future strategies for control of ND. Because the productive, cultural, economic, social, and ecological conditions that facilitate poultry endemicity in South America are similar to those in the developing world, most of the problems and control strategies described here are applicable to other continents.