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Maternal restraint stress during pregnancy negatively affects behaviors and antioxidant capacity of offspring rats (Rattusnorvegicus)
- Yin, Chao, Wang, Guofu, Gao, Shixing, Huang, Yanping, Zhao, Ruqian, Yang, Xiaojing
- Canadian journal of zoology 2018 v.96 no.8 pp. 882-887
- Rattus norvegicus, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, females, gestation period, glutathione, liver, males, malondialdehyde, muscles, nitric oxide synthase, pregnancy, progeny, rats, superoxide dismutase, weaning
- This study evaluated the effect of maternal restraint stress during the gestation period on behaviors, biochemical parameters, and antioxidant capacities of offspring rats (Rattus norvegicus (Berkenhout,1769)) at weaning age. Behaviors, plasma biochemical indices, and antioxidant ability of the liver, soleus muscle, and gastrocnemius muscle of mother and (or) offspring rats were analyzed. Significant increases were found in the immobility and swinging behavior frequencies of offspring male rats; no difference was found in behaviors of female rats. The antioxidant indices including superoxide dismutase, nitric oxide synthase, and total antioxidant capacity in the soleus muscle of offspring male rats were significantly decreased in the restraint group. Female offspring rats showed significant lower glutathione and higher malondialdehyde levels in the gastrocnemius muscle and liver, respectively. No difference was found in the productive performance and plasma biochemical indices of maternal rats, nor in the biochemical parameters of the two groups of weaning rats. The results suggested that maternal chronic stresses negatively affected the behaviors and antioxidant abilities of offspring rats, and that these effects possibly have a greater impact on offspring male rats than on female rats.