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Island biogeography, diversity and dominance of zooplankton in crater lakes on the Azores
- GREEN, J.
- Biological journal of the Linnean Society 1992 v.46 no.1/2 pp. 189-205
- Copepoda, Rotifera, biogeography, islands, lakes, zooplankton, Azores
- In July and August 1988 samples of zooplankton were collected from 17 lakes on four islands. Five species of Cladocera, three species of Copepoda and 30 species of Rotifera were found. The maximum numbers of species in any one lake were four planktonic Cladocera, two Copepoda and seven planktonic Rotifera (with up to six additional non-planktonic species). The smallest, most distant island had fewer species than the largest island nearest to the mainland, but the number of species in each lake was determined more by the size of the lake than by its location. This results in the most distant island having lakes containing the same number of species as lakes of similar size on islands nearer to the mainland. The numbers of zooplankton species in each of these lakes are significantly lower than the world average, and the dominance ratios are significantly higher.