Main content area

Electroosmotic flow of non‐Newtonian fluids in a constriction microchannel

Ko, Chien‐Hsuan, Li, Di, Malekanfard, Amirreza, Wang, Yao‐Nan, Fu, Lung‐Ming, Xuan, Xiangchun
Electrophoresis 2019 v.40 no.10 pp. 1387-1394
dielectrophoresis, electric field, electroosmosis, electrophoresis, image analysis, polyacrylamide, polyethylene glycol, polyvinylpyrrolidone, viscoelasticity, xanthan gum
Insulator‐based dielectrophoresis has to date been almost entirely restricted to Newtonian fluids despite the fact that many of the chemical and biological fluids exhibit non‐Newtonian characteristics. We present herein an experimental study of the fluid rheological effects on the electroosmotic flow of four types of polymer solutions, i.e., 2000 ppm xanthan gum (XG), 5% polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), 3000 ppm polyethylene oxide (PEO), and 200 ppm polyacrylamide (PAA) solutions, through a constriction microchannel under DC electric fields of up to 400 V/cm. We find using particle streakline imaging that the fluid elasticity does not change significantly the electroosmotic flow pattern of weakly shear‐thinning PVP and PEO solutions from that of a Newtonian solution. In contrast, the fluid shear‐thinning causes multiple pairs of flow circulations in the weakly elastic XG solution, leading to a central jet with a significantly enhanced speed from before to after the channel constriction. These flow vortices are, however, suppressed in the strongly viscoelastic and shear‐thinning PAA solution.