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Impact of roasting and extraction methods on chemical properties, oxidative stability and Maillard reaction products of peanut oils

Author:
Suri, Kanchan, Singh, Balwinder, Kaur, Amritpal, Singh, Narpinder
Source:
Journal of food science and technology 2019 v.56 no.5 pp. 2436-2445
ISSN:
0022-1155
Subject:
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Maillard reaction products, air, antioxidant activity, fatty acid composition, hydroxymethylfurfural, oxidative stability, peanut oil, peanuts, peroxide value, roasting, solvents
Abstract:
This study was designed to investigate the influence of dry air roasting (140, 160 and 180 °C for 5 and 10 min) and extraction methods (solvent and mechanical) on peanut oil quality characteristics. Oil yield, oxidative stability index (OSI), radical scavenging activity (RSA), and Maillard reaction products were increased while peroxide value (PV) and conjugated dienes were decreased in oil of peanuts roasted at 180 °C for 10 min. Oils extracted mechanically from roasted peanuts had lower PV while higher OSI and RSA than the solvent-extracted oils. The fatty acid composition of oils from roasted peanuts (at 160 and 180 °C for 10 min) changed slightly compared to unroasted peanuts. The level of 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and non-enzymatic browning index was significantly increased in oil from peanuts roasted at 180 °C for 10 min. FTIR spectra showed a slight change in peak intensities with no observed peak shift in oils extracted from peanuts roasted at 180 °C for 10 min. Based on the results obtained, mechanically extracted oil from peanuts roasted at 180 °C for 10 min improves oil quality characteristics and enhances oxidative stability.
Agid:
6446802