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MiR-2861 Behaves as a Biomarker of Lung Cancer Stem Cells and Regulates the HDAC5-ERK System Genes

Zhao, Mengya, Li, Lin, Zhou, Jundong, Cui, Xueyuan, Tian, Qingmei, Jin, Yaqing, Zhu, Yimin
Cellular reprogramming 2018 v.20 no.2 pp. 99-106
biomarkers, blood serum, drug resistance, early diagnosis, genes, lung neoplasms, models, phosphorylation, prognosis, stem cells, therapeutics
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for cancer initiating, recurrence, and drug resistance. Discovery of novel biomarkers for CSCs is helpful for early diagnosis and prognosis. Lung cancer stem cells (LCSCs) were closely related to the occurrence and development of lung cancer. In our study, the important role of miR-2861 in maintaining the stemness of LCSCs was investigated. The LCSC differentiation model was established through introducing serum into the medium of H460 spheres. miR-2861 expression was significantly higher in LCSCs no matter compared to the differentiation cells or normal cells. HDAC5 expression was positively correlated with miR-2861 in LCSCs, and knockdown of miR-2861 decreased the expression of HDAC5, which implied that HDAC5 may be involved in the differentiation of LCSCs mediated by miR-2861. The role of HDAC5 in the regulation of LCSC differentiation was further verified by the inhibitory effect of LMK-235 on the phosphorylation of ERK1/2, which was recognized as the regulator of CSC differentiation. Our study provided a better understanding of miR-2861 and HDAC5 axis in maintaining the stemness of LCSCs and laid a foundation for molecular targeted therapy.