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Screening and isolation of cyclooxygenase‐2 inhibitors from the stem bark of Phellodendron amurense Ruprecht by ultrafiltration with liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry, and complex chromatography

Li, Sainan, Zhang, Yuchi, Shi, Dongfang, Hou, Wanchao, Xia, Jianli, Liu, Chunming
Journal of separation science 2019 v.42 no.10 pp. 1905-1914
Phellodendron amurense, bark, bioactive compounds, bioactive properties, carcinogenesis, countercurrent chromatography, enzyme activity, enzyme inhibition, functional foods, ligands, liquids, neoplasms, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents, prostaglandin synthase, risk reduction, screening, tandem mass spectrometry, ultrafiltration
Nonsteroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs appear to reduce the risk of developing cancer. One mechanism through which nonsteroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs act to prevent carcinogenesis is inhibition of the activity of the enzyme cyclooxygenase‐2. The cyclooxygenase‐2 inhibitors are widely used to reduce the risk of developing cancer. Natural products are considered to be a promising source of several novel cyclooxygenase‐2 inhibitors. Ultrafiltration with liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry is an efficient method that can be applied to rapidly screen and identify the ligands from the barks of Phellodendron amurense Ruprecht. A continuous online method comprised of pressurized liquid extraction, countercurrent chromatography, and semi‐preparative liquid chromatography was developed for the efficient scaled‐up production of eight compounds with high purities. The bioactivities of the separated compounds were assessed by an in vitro enzyme inhibition assay. The use of bioactivity screening method combined with preparation method of bioactive compounds and an in vitro enzyme inhibition assay facilitated the efficient screening and isolation of the cyclooxygenase‐2 inhibitors from complex samples. This could be used as an efficient method for the large‐scale production of functional ingredients.